Today, I heard the term Regenerative medicine. literally, I got confused about which type of pill it is? I started searching and find this term very important for knowledge as well as for health purposes. So, neither these regenerative medicines are any kind of pills nor any syrups or ointments, but still, these are medicines. Isn’t it exciting? Okay, ending the suspense here and moving towards this amazingly wonderful field of health and science.
Regenerative medicines are a set of methods and technologies by which the damaged or injured tissues and organs of the human body can be regrown and replaced to restore its normal function. There are two procedures of regeneration of human organs and tissues. Vivo procedure, in which experiments and trials take place inside the living human body to stimulate the mechanism of body’s healing power and Vitro procedure, in which new cells, tissues, and organs are grown outside human body either in a laboratory or in the ground and then successfully transplanted into that human body. Regenerative medicines are also known as Stem cells.
Stem cells are the raw materials and building blocks for regenerating or growing the new tissues and organs either inside the body or outside in the laboratory.
The umbilical cord of newborn babies is a rich source of stem cells. Stem cells have a self-driven ability. they can regenerate their-self in blood cells, brain cells, heart cells, and other self-derived stem cells. Only stem cells can regenerate the new cells and can grow the new tissues.
Urinary bladder can be grown in a laboratory from the patients stem cells and safely transplanted inside their body. It is useful for those who have an uncontrolled bladder due to a birth defect called spina bifida.
stems cells are also used to replace those damaged cells which are destroyed due to chemotherapy in a leukemic patient.
Stem cells can also use to regenerate heart muscles and valves to replace the damaged organ during a heart attack.
One more use of regenerative medicines is, that it can be used to regenerate the new insulin provider pancreatic cells in a diabetic patient.
The long promise of the regenerative medicines is to overcome the shortage of organ donors. Some diseases such as heart, kidney, and liver are so fatal that they damaged the organ totally, and only an organ transplant can save the patients life. but there are very short living donors are available. many people die in the absence of an organ donor within the required time.
Regenerative medicines aim to regenerate those damaged tissues in the patient’s body using his own stem cells at the place of replacing the whole organ or in a laboratory then transplant those tissues and organs successfully in his body. There will be no need for another donor organ or bone marrow donor.